For most of us the kitchen is the room where we spend the most time, preparing food, eating and entertaining. Proper lighting can help to make it safe, hygienic and enjoyable Even if you only want use the microwave you will need to be seeing the timer.
Whatever the shape or size of your kitchen, the lights should come from behind or to the side of where you are working not in front. Central pendant lighting gives a good general lighting, but that is all what you have. You will be forever working in your own shadow and cooking will be a headache.
You also need a high level of task lighting (light for a particular task ) at the sink, the cooker, the fridge and worktops, especially for chopping vegetables, tossing while cooking etc.
Kitchen light should be similar to true daylight so you can see when food is cooked or not. Don’t plug lights into sockets that are overloaded with appliances such as food processors. And don’t put lights in places where they could dazzle you while you are carrying boiling water or sharp implements. Your cupboards can have built in lights that are triggered when doors open.
Try this: If you have a central pendant light but want to illuminate a different area, put it on a longer cord then put a small hook into the ceiling above where you need the light and clip it over. This works particularly well over tables. Put mini florescent lights underneath wall units. They spread a good level of light over work surfaces. Choose a light in warm white.
Fit rows of down lights into the ceiling they emit light exactly where it is needed and give good color radiation. Also, because they are recessed, they are shielded from grease and dirt. Don’t worry about spacing them out evenly intervals or lining them up exactly.
Concentrate on where you need the light to fall rather than their position on the ceiling.