From the modern movement onward both architecture & interiors have tended towards the simple & minimal which meant that design schemes involving pattern became correspondingly less popular. Patterned surfaces can be problematic. They can make small rooms seem busy & cluttered. There is no doubt that introducing pattern to a scheme designed to enhance space & light can be challenging. However using pattern well is truly rewarding and if the idea appeals it is worth the effort as there is no doubt. Those patterns provide great focal points, eye-catching character and unique richness and vitality in certain circumstances. They may even help to change the apparent dimensions of a room making it seem taller or wider that it really is.
Because certain pattern is very individual it is very difficult to lay down guidelines for using it. What appeals to some will not appeal to others. But there are few basic principles to consider. It is important to remember that there is pattern in everything from the geometry of the window surround to the horizontal lines of a long sofa, from the whirls & grains of natural wood to the squares & rectangles of mirror edges & picture frames. So take a long hand look at your room & consider which patterns are already present before deciding what others to introduce.
Different effect can be created by created by different types of pattern whether small & delicate or oversize and bold.
Pattern in small rooms:
When choosing a pattern for restricted space consider its proportion very carefully. A small space is easily overwhelmed by huge, brightly colored patterns though it may sometimes be effective to introduce a small section of large scale pattern as a print on one wall for e.g. or as a striking cushion cover or blind. A tiny pattern on the other hand is only really noticeable close up, from a distant it will simply appear as a dominant color, making this a subtle addition to a scheme that emphasizes a sense of spaciousness but nevertheless calls for a decorative element. It is always worth looking at a pattern from distant before using it, as many designs look entirely different at close range than when viewed from far.
Limit the number of patterns you use according to the size of the room. In a small room it is wise to opt for only one or two patterns. To avoid them becoming a distraction. Choose patterns with a same color. And does not mix very large with very small prints, the eye find the jump too disturbing. Too very dense pattern will probably fight one another so it is usually best to learn one busy pattern with one or two others that are much simpler – a floral with a stripe or check, for e.g. large expanses of plain color as a back ground with busy floral pattern on sofa.
Space making tricks with pattern:
The eye is naturally attracted to pattern as opposed to plains which is why they are such a potential tool. For this reason when used cleverly they can help fool the eye into believing that a room is bigger than it really is. Similarly pattern is effective in making low ceiling room appear higher vertical stripes or patterns that have a vertical feel will elongate the lines of the room an optical illusion that can be created equally well by wall papers, paints, fabric. The stripes do not have to be big & bold – they could be faint & subtle and still have the cleared effect.